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The purpose and intent of this site is twofold:

1. Share the Word of God as found in the Bible.

2. Comment on current events as they relate to Bible prophecy


Thursday, August 6, 2015

The Snorting of Dan's Horses

THE SNORTING OF DAN’S HORSES

The snorting of his horses was heard from Dan

Jeremiah 8:16-17 NET  The snorting of the enemy's horses is already being heard in the city of Dan. The sound of the neighing of their stallions causes the whole land to tremble with fear. They are coming to destroy the land and everything in it! They are coming to destroy the cities and everyone who lives in them!"  (17)  The LORD says, "Yes indeed, I am sending an enemy against you that will be like poisonous snakes which cannot be charmed away. And they will inflict fatal wounds on you."

Beast Thoughts
Who is the beast/antichrist?  What is his nationality?  Where will be originate?  Many Biblical exegetes and commentators consider the answer is found in Daniel 9:26-27 and that the antichrist will be a Roman.  Some current writers, such as Joel Richardson, consider the Roman troops to be of Syrian origin and thus the antichrist will be an Arab.  A few believe the 70 weeks of Daniel scripture has been misunderstood and misinterpreted and that it has nothing to do with Rome or Jesus as the Messiah.  It can be said the word usually translated as “Messiah” in some versions should actually be translated as “anointed one” which is anyone called or anointed by God for a specific purpose such as Cyrus the Great.  I have even read a treatise claiming the “little horn” of Daniel 7:8 should actually be Antiochus Epiphanies and is not referring to the antichrist until later in the chapter.

I have recently come across an exegete who claims that in addition to reading scripture in a natural verbatim manner one should read it in a parabolic nature.  Some commentators view some chapters of Daniel as referring to historical events but then draw a proverbial line at some point they believe it is referring to the beast/antichrist.  The aforementioned exegete views chapters 2, 7, 8, 9, 11, and 12 as a series of parable teachings referring to the acts of the beast/antichrist.

There seems to be an abundance of antichrist theories but apparently no one appears to investigate or rely on a few early Church writers who may have had an inside track concerning the beast individual’s identity.  These writers would be Polycarp, Irenaeus, and Hippolytus.  All Bible believers accept John the Apostle’s writings as Biblical scripture:  1st John, 2nd John, 3rd John, and the Revelation but do not place much credence in the above three early Church writers.

Irenaeus
Irenaeus c.115-202 was a disciple of Polycarp who was, in turn, a disciple of John the Apostle and was also the bishop of Ephesus. The teachings (writings) of Irenaeus are considered among the most important of early Christianity.  Very few writings of Polycarp are currently extant but he was a devoted disciple of John and spent much time with his immediate disciple, Irenaeus.  It would be expected that Polycarp gave Irenaeus as much information and knowledge available to him which would include any information divulged by John.  As a young man, Irenaeus was personally tutored by Polycarp. It could be expected that many teachings, stories, and asides concerning John were shared between the two individuals.  Polycarp lived to 85, so there should have been much opportunity for Irenaeus to absorb the teachings of John.
In his major work, Against Heresies, Irenaeus commits an entire section to discussing the name of Antichrist, which is important considering his source.  John perhaps knew the name and identity of the antichrist and it may have been purposely obscured by God until the proper time.  Below is the final comments concerning the antichrist found in his treatise, Against Heresies.

[Irenaeus:  Against Heresies, Book V, p. 1117] "These men, therefore, ought to learn [what really is the state of the case], and go back to the true number of the name, that they be not reckoned among false prophets. But, knowing the sure number declared by Scripture, that is, six hundred sixty and six, let them await, in the first place, the division of the kingdom into ten; then, in the next place, when these kings are reigning, and beginning to set their affairs in order, and advance their kingdom, [let them learn] to acknowledge that he who shall come claiming the kingdom for himself, and shall terrify those men of whom we have been speaking, having a name containing the aforesaid number, is truly the abomination of desolation.

This, too, the apostle affirms: ‘When they shall say, Peace and safety, then sudden destruction shall come upon them.’ And Jeremiah does not merely point out his sudden coming, but he even indicates the tribe from which he shall come, where he says, ‘We shall hear the voice of his swift horses from Dan; the whole earth shall be moved by the voice of the neighing of his galloping horses: he shall also come and devour the earth, and the fullness thereof, the city also, and they that dwell therein.’ This, too, is the reason that this tribe is not reckoned in the Apocalypse along with those which are saved." [Irenaeus:  Against Heresies, Book V, p. 1117]

In the above statement about the Antichrist, Irenaeus quotes a portion of 1st Thessalonians 5:3, a verse usually connected with the beginning of the Tribulation, not the coming of the Antichrist. In other words, he links the idea of "sudden destruction" with the Antichrist.  He then quotes a prophecy from Jeremiah indicating the Israelite tribe from which the Antichrist will come which is Dan.

We hoped for good fortune, but nothing good has come of it. We hoped for a time of relief, but instead we experience terror. The snorting of the enemy's horses is already being heard in the city of Dan. The sound of the neighing of their stallions causes the whole land to tremble with fear. They are coming to destroy the land and everything in it! They are coming to destroy the cities and everyone who lives in them!" The LORD says, "Yes indeed, I am sending an enemy against you that will be like poisonous snakes which cannot be charmed away. And they will inflict fatal wounds on you."  (Jeremiah 8:15-17 NET)

The people were saying “peace and good fortune” but received the opposite effect.  Also notice the above NET version states the enemy consisting of the Dan/beast military will be like “poisonous snakes”.

The Samson Riddle
The Biblical Samson was a Nazarite, an appointed judge of Israel, and he was not to cut his hair.  The Bible and Samson proclaim that his long hair is the source of his strength.  On his way to see the Philistine woman, Timnath, Samson encounters a young lion and kills it.  On another trip he sees the carcass of the lion has been invaded with honey bees with an allotment of honey.  At his wedding feast, Samson wagers 30 changes of clothes with some Philistines if they can interpret a riddle:  Out of the one who eats came something to eat; out of the strong one came something sweet” (NET).

An exegete, Janet Moser, considers this Samson episode to be a Messianic prophecy.  The dead lion represents Jesus of the Lion tribe of Judah “who was delivered up because of our transgressions” (Romans 4:25).  The prize of garments represents deliverance, “I will be overjoyed because of my God. For He clothes me in garments of deliverance” (Isaiah 61:10 NET).  The honey represents “land of milk and honey” as in the Millennial kingdom.

Another exegete sees the dead lion with honey as symbolic of Dan/beast/antichrist waging war on Israel.  Dan as the antichrist will attempt to destroy (kill) Israel (Judah/Judeans/Jews) symbolized as the lion of Judah with the honey producing bees, symbolizing the tribe of Dan and will attempt to produce a golden age symbolized by the honey.

Dan, the Judge of His People
Genesis 49:16-17 NET  Dan will judge his people as one of the tribes of Israel.  (17)  May Dan be a snake beside the road, a viper by the path, that bites the heels of the horse so that its rider falls backward.

The prophecy issued by the dying Jacob that Dan will judge his people is considered by some to have been fulfilled with the Danite judge Samson although his preoccupation seemed to be carousing rather than judging.  Irenaeus and others consider this prophecy unfulfilled but will find fulfillment in the beast/antichrist.  The initial verse of this chapter, Genesis 49:15, begins with Jacob stating, “Gather yourselves together, that I may tell you that which shall befall you in the last days” (KJV).  Other versions have:  last days; days to come; end of days; and the future.  It strongly appears to be referring to the 70th week of Daniel.


And I will put hostility between you and the woman and between your offspring and her offspring; her offspring will attack your head, and you will attack her offspring's heel."  (Genesis 3:15 NET)

If the beast/antichrist is descended from the tribe of Dan, then consider the possibility of a certain type of Godly judgment.  God is the sovereign judge of the world and its inhabitants.  In some instances throughout the Old Testament, when God judged the Israelites He employed the army of another nation or kingdom:  Egypt; Assyria; and Babylon.  In the last-days an apostatized Israel may be judged by the military might of the Danite/beast/antichrist.

During the promised land allotment, the tribe of Dan was the seventh in land inheritance.  They were originally placed along the coast north of Judah and west of Benjamin in an area contested by the Philistines.  This original area did not appeal to them and they moved to the east alongside the tribes of Asher and Naphtali, and south of the Sidonians to a place called Laish (or Leshem) which would now be considered part of southern Lebanon.

(The Danites failed to conquer their territory (from the Philistines), so they went up and fought with Leshem and captured it. They put the sword to it, took possession of it, and lived in it. They renamed it Dan after their ancestor. ) This was the land assigned to the tribe of Dan by its clans, including these cities and their towns.  (Joshua 19:47-48 NET)

The book of Judges gives the details of Dan’s northern migration. First, they ventured northward into the land of Judah and the village of Kirjath-jearim. Then they went into north-central Israel and the territory around mount Ephraim.  On the way to Laish, they stole religious objects belonging to Micah, the Ephraimite, which they intended to use for themselves. 

Now the Danites took what Micah had made, as well as his priest, and came to Laish, where the people were undisturbed and unsuspecting. They struck them down with the sword and burned the city. No one came to the rescue because the city was far from Sidon and they had no dealings with anyone. The city was in a valley near Beth Rehob. The Danites rebuilt the city and occupied it. They named it Dan after their ancestor, who was one of Israel's sons. But the city's name used to be Laish. The Danites worshiped the carved image. Jonathan, descendant of Gershom, son of Moses, and his descendants served as priests for the tribe of Dan until the time of the exile.  (Judges 18:27-30 NET)

It should be noted that Danites were almost always idolators and never a follower of God, unless possibly at the beginning of their Canaan existence.

However, Jehu did not repudiate the sins which Jeroboam son of Nebat had encouraged Israel to commit; the golden calves remained in Bethel and Dan.  (2 Kings 10:29 NET)

Dating from around 1056 BC, the book of 1st Chronicles omits the tribe of Dan in its historical account from Adam to the established areas of the twelve tribes.  It could be that most of the tribe of Dan had already moved farther north at this point.  There were some still remaining in the area and could have been blending with the Phoenicians as assumed from a letter from Hiram to Solomon.

Now I am sending you Huram Abi, a skilled and capable man, whose mother is a Danite and whose father is a Tyrian…..  (2 Chronicles 2:13-14 NET)

Due to their close proximity and relationships with the Phoenicians, the Danites became a seafaring people.

Gilead beyond the Jordan did tabernacle, And Dan--why doth he sojourn in ships? Asher hath abode at the haven of the seas, And by his creeks doth tabernacle.  (Judges 5:17 YLT)

The northern ten tribes of Israel were overthrown by the Assyrian empire and either killed or taken prisoner to the northern area of the Caspian Sea.  If the majority of Danites were around at this time is mostly not known.  However, the northern tribes including Dan essentially disappeared from historical writings after the Assyrian conquest.  Several hundred years later the Babylonians conquered and dispersed the vast majority of Judah.  Some eventually returned from Babylon/Persia which brings us to the Greek empire.

The Lion’s Whelp
And of Dan he said, Dan is a lion's whelp (cub): he shall leap from Bashan.
(Deuteronomy 33:22 KJV)

Chapter 32 is introduced as blessings applied to the twelve tribes given by Moses.  Dan is the only tribe not given a blessing and this is the shortest so-called blessing stated by Moses.  Judah is called a lion but Dan is called a lion’s cub or whelp.  It could be that a Danite as the beast/antichrist will appear or assume to be the Messiah.  After all, the beast does announce himself as “god”.
 
The word for whelp can be used two different ways.  It can strictly be defined as a young lion and can be defined as:  to turn aside from the road (for a lodging or any other purpose), sojourn (as a guest); also to shrink, fear (as in a strange place); also to gather for hostility (as afraid).

With the combined symbology of a snake and lion’s cub it begins to confirm the prophecy that Danite/antichrist will be empowered by Satan.

Be sober and alert. Your enemy the devil, like a roaring lion, is on the prowl looking for someone to devour.  (1 Peter 5:8 NET)

I consider Jeremiah 4 to be a last-days prophecy particularly concerning the ending of those days.  The proclaimed military is compared to a lion that destroys nations.  This military is coming to destroy Israel.

Like a lion that has come up from its lair the one who destroys nations has set out from his home base. He is coming out to lay your land waste. Your cities will become ruins and lie uninhabited.  (Jeremiah 4:7 NET)

The words of Moses concerning Dan may contain in them a veiled hint that something dreadful would be associated with this tribe (or a man of this tribe) in the future.

The Greek Empire
Alexander the Great supposedly left Judah intact when he was shown prophecies from the book of Daniel.  When Alexander died his empire was divided by four generals and they did not leave Judah intact.  General historical documents, the book of Daniel, and the 1st Book of the Maccabees gives some insights into the Judeans conflict with the Greek Seleucid dynasty.  The dynasty begins with the general, Seleucus 1, followed by Antiochus 1 Soter, continuing up to Antiochus IV Epiphanes, who was overthrown by the Maccabeans in 164 BC.

After Antiochus Epiphanes, many years of war continued with the Romans and Seleucids attempting to retake the Judean territory.  Jonathan Maccabeus managed to maintain peaceful relationships with Rome and the Greek Spartans.  Jonathan sent emissaries to Rome for treaty renewal and letters to Sparta for the same purpose.  A letter from Arius, King of Sparta, back to Judah is recorded in 1st Maccabees:

1Maccabees 12:20-24  Areus king of the Lacedemonians to Onias the high priest, greeting:  It is found in writing, that the Lacedemonians and Jews are brethren, and that they are of the stock of Abraham:  Now therefore, since this is come to our knowledge, ye shall do well to write unto us of your prosperity.  We do write back again to you, that your cattle and goods are our's, and our's are your's We do command therefore our ambassadors to make report unto you on this wise.

It would appear the Greek Spartans are Israelites, although the word Jews is used.  But which tribe of Israel are the Spartans associated?  Further evidence is supplied by Josephus in the Antiquities of the Jews. 

"Areus, King Of The Lacedemonians, To Onias, Sendeth Greeting
"We have met with a certain writing, whereby we have discovered that both the Jews and the Lacedemonians are of one stock, and are derived from the kindred of Abraham. It is but just, therefore, that you, who are our brethren, should send to us about any of your concerns as you please. We will also do the same thing, and esteem your concerns as our own, and will look upon our concerns as in common with yours. Demotoles, who brings you this letter, will bring your answer back to us. This letter is four-square; and the seal is an eagle, with a dragon in his claws."  Antiquities, XII, iv, 10

The key phrase (the final one in bold type) is a description of the Spartan signet “an eagle, with a dragon in his claws”.

The signet is stated as being four-square. The wilderness camp layout of Israel was also foursquare.  The lead tribes were located at the four points of the compass, with Judah in the east, Reuben in the south, Ephraim in the west, and Dan in the north.

The below historical passage appears to be describing the Hebrew exodus from Egypt with a few altered facts and events.  Note that a group under the leadership of Danaus (as in Dan) went to Greece rather than with the Hebrews under Moses.


A similar historical document written by Diodorus of Sicily says the following:

“They say also that those who set forth with DANAUS, likewise from Egypt, settled what is practically the oldest city of Greece, Argos, and that the nations of the Colchi in Pontus and that of the Jews, which lies between Arabia and Syria, were founded as colonies by certain emigrants from their country (Egypt); and this is the reason why it is a long-established institution among these peoples to circumcise their male children...the custom having been brought over from Egypt.  Even the Athenians, they say, are colonists from Sais in Egypt” (History of the World, Bk. I, sec. 28, pp. 1-5)

Both Greek and Irish history confirm that a contingent of the Danaans, called the Twuatha de Danaan, literally the Tribe of Dan, left Greece at a certain point, and migrated north via various navigable rivers to the Baltic Sea, and from there to Denmark and parts of southern Sweden, across the North Sea to Scotland, and finally Ireland.

The Romans
The Seleucid dynasty was primarily based in Syria after Antiochus Epiphanes was driven out by the Maccabees.  This empire was eventually merged into the Roman Empire with an expected blending of Roman and Greek bloodlines.  An historian wrote that he believed the Greek blending carried the bloodline of Dan and that the Flavians of 70AD could be considered to be of Danite genealogy.

The Flavian Dynasty was a Roman Imperial Dynasty, which ruled the Roman Empire between AD 69 and AD 96, encompassing the reigns of Vespasian (69–79), and his two sons Titus (79–81) and Domitian (81–96).  [Wikipedia]


The North
During the trek from Egypt to the promised land, the tribe of Dan’s camping position in the wilderness was north of the Tabernacle along with Asher and Naphtali. 

"...Dan became the very type of evildoing. He was placed in the north (Num. ii.25), this being the region of darkness and evil (Jer. i.14)..." (Singer, Jewish Encyclopedia ("Dan"), p. 423)

It seems the north is always the direction of coming destruction and judgment.  Virtually all of Israel’s invading enemies were from the north or considered to be from the north, even Babylon which is actually toward the East but invaded Judah from the north.

Then the LORD said unto me, Out of the north an evil shall break forth upon all the inhabitants of the land.  (Jeremiah 1:14 KJV)

The disputed Gog-Magog invasion also comes from the north.  Notice the people consider themselves as living securely, “Now when they are saying, "There is peace and security," then sudden destruction comes on them, like labor pains on a pregnant woman, and they will surely not escape” (1 Thessalonians 5:3 NET).  Ezekiel states that Gog will invade with horses, “The snorting of the enemy's horses is already being heard in the city of Dan” (Jeremiah 8:16).  This is just something to consider with no conclusions being fostered.

"Therefore, prophesy, son of man, and say to Gog: 'This is what the sovereign LORD says: On that day when my people Israel are living securely, you will take notice and come from your place, from the remote parts of the north, you and many peoples with you, all of them riding on horses, a great company and a vast army.  (Ezekiel 38:14-15 NET)

Dan’s position in the wilderness camp was in the north.  As mentioned earlier, after their land allotment, the tribe of Dan became unhappy warring with the Philistines and migrated to the north of most of the other tribes into southern Lebanon close to Mt. Hermon. This would place them at the north of the Canaan area alongside Asher and Naphtali, the same relationship as their position during the wilderness camps.

"Part of the tribe of Dan, unable to secure its inheritance, migrated north and captured Laish, renaming it Dan." (Atlas of the Bible Lands, p. 8)

"...the Jordan river that weaves like a snake along the eastern border of the land of Israel is named after the ancient tribe of Dan. Jordan means 'the going down of the Dan.'" (Church, p. 124)

Was the tribe of Dan purposely located by God in the northern sector of the camp as a type of prophetic indication that this tribe would produce the unrighteous judge, attempting to usurp the position of the true righteous Judge?

If a Danite will become the antichrist some may consider Lucifer of Isaiah 14 to be related to the Danite antichrist.

How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! how art thou cut down to the ground, which didst weaken the nations! For thou hast said in thine heart, I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God: I will sit also upon the mount of the congregation, in the sides of the north:  (Isaiah 14:12-13 KJV)

According to Ugaritic texts Zaphon was the sacred mountain of the storm god Baal (Baal-Hadad in ancient Canaanite mythology) and the location where the gods assembled as in Isaiah 14:13.  Some references consider the mountain similar to Mount Olympus in Greek mythology.

Some versions, such as the NET, translate “tsâphôn” as Zaphon or Mt. Zaphon which is a mountain located in the northern part of Gad and would be close to the Sea of Galilee. Strong’s, Word Study, and BDB dictionaries only define the word as “north” and never as Zaphon.  In Jeremiah 1:14 the north is listed as a source of violence or evil.  It was used of both Mt Zion and Mt Hermon of the north (Psalm 48:2; Psalm 89:12).

Using the Greenwich Zero Meridian, the northern territory of Dan lies at 35.5 degrees longitude. However, if the Paris Zero Meridian is used, having a 2.5 difference from Greenwich, Dan is found to lie at the 33rd degree longitude and 33 degree latitude.  It has been assumed by some that Masonry and the Protocols of the Learned Elders of Sion is a Danite creation.

The Snake and the Eagle
Dan’s color standard was red and white and the crest was an eagle.  Because Jacob had prophesied Dan as a snake or serpent the tribe decided to substitute an eagle which is a killer of snakes.  The Spartans of Greece were supposedly occupying this area around 550 BC which would be several years after the Assyrian conquest of the northern nation of Israel.  The tribe of Dan may have fled by ships to southern Greece.  The Iliad by Homer refers to the Spartans as Danaans.  Greek history relates two originations of Danaans:  one from Egypt and the other from Phoenecia.  Both would be correct concerning the tribe of Dan.  They originally came from Egypt with Moses and later settled in Greece from the area of Phoenecia. 

The Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs:  The Testament of Dan, Chapter 2
6 For I have read in the book of Enoch, the righteous, that your prince is Satan, and that all the spirits of wickedness and pride will conspire to attend constantly on the sons of Levi, to cause them to sin before the Lord.

Considering the symbolism of a snake or serpent, much can be made of the apparent fact the tribe of Dan appears to have left a trail in their numerous migrations throughout the world.  This trail appears to be littered with Dan-type names that can be traced and followed, such as a serpent would make as it slithers along the ground.  There is undoubtedly a great deal of truth to this assertion, for Dan surpassed by far all of the tribes of Israel in its ability and desire to travel, explore, and colonize, a reality that already connects this particular tribe with the sea-faring branch of Edomites who settled in the coastal area of Phoenicia.

Horses Like Eagles

Look! The enemy is approaching like gathering clouds. The roar of his chariots is like that of a whirlwind. His horses move more swiftly than eagles." I cry out, "We are doomed, for we will be destroyed!" "Oh people of Jerusalem, purify your hearts from evil so that you may yet be delivered. How long will you continue to harbor up wicked schemes within you? For messengers are coming, heralding disaster, from the city of Dan and from the hills of Ephraim.  (Jeremiah 4:13-15 NET)

Other Ancient Church Fathers and Dan

Ephraem the Syrian C 373 AD  "At the end of the world at the final consummation . . . suddenly the gates of the north shall be opened... They will destroy the earth, and there will be none able to stand before them.  After one week of that sore affliction (tribulation), they will all be destroyed in the plain of Joppa . . .Then will the son of perdition appear, of the seed and of the tribe of Dan . . .He will go into Jerusalem and will sit upon a throne in the Temple saying, 'I am the Christ,' and he will be borne aloft by legions of devils like a king and a lawgiver, naming himself God" (On the Last Times, the Antichrist, and the End of the World).

St. Methodius of Olympus C 250-311 AD “When the son of perdition appears, he will be of the tribe of Dan, according to the prophecy of Jacob.  This enemy of religion will use a diabolic art to produce many false miracles, such as causing the blind to see, the lame to walk, and the deaf to hear.  Those possessed with demons will be exorcised.  He will deceive many and, if he could, as our Lord has said, even the faithful elect.  Even the Antichrist will enter Jerusalem, where he will enthrone himself in the temple as a god (even though he will be an ordinary man of the tribe of Dan to which Judas Iscariot also belonged)”
The Jewish Encyclopedia online
"Dan became the very type of evil-doing. He was placed to the north (Num. ii. 25), this being the region of darkness and evil (Jer. I. 14), because of his idolatry which wrapped the world in darkness (Num. R. ii.). Still further goes a tradition which identifies the serpent and the lion (Gen. xlix. 17 and Deut. xxxiii. ) with Belial (see the literature in Bousset's "Antichrist," 1895, pp. 87, 113). Irenæus ("Adversus Hæreses," v. 302), Hippolytus ("De Christo et Antichristo," pp. 14, 15), and other Church fathers have a tradition, which can not but be of Jewish origin, that the Antichrist comes from the tribe of Dan" (The Jewish Encyclopedia.com).

OTHER UNPROVABLE STORIES AND RUMORS

The Merovingians
Merovingian Definition from Wikipedia - the Merovingians were a dynasty that ruled the Franks for nearly 300 years in a region known as Francia, beginning in the middle of the 5th century AD. Their territory largely corresponded to ancient Gaul as well as the Roman provinces of Raetia, Germania Superior and the southern part of Germania. The Merovingian dynasty was founded by Childeric I (c. 457 AD – 481 AD), the son of Merovech, leader of the Salian Franks, but it was his famous son Clovis I (481 AD – 511 AD) who united all of Gaul under Merovingian rule.

THE LOST TRIBE OF ISRAEL- DAN by Time and Barb Aho
The Merovingians, who plan to rule the world from their future throne at Jerusalem, claim to come from the tribe of Judah through Jesus Christ and Mary Magdalene.  However, the weight of evidence indicates that they descended from the tribe of Dan.  Although Scripture states that Samson was “of the family of the Danites” [Judges 13:2], Yair Davidy of Brit-Am Israel claims that his mother was from Judah. [Brit-Am Israel newsletter, 2/9/99]

The Merovingian ruling family were sometimes referred to as the "long-haired kings" (Latin reges criniti) by contemporaries, as their long hair (as of Samson) distinguished them among the Franks, who commonly cut their hair short.

"Merovingian geographical place-names and personal names were sometimes Jewish. In the 6th Century a brother of King Clothair was named Samson while Miron "Le Levite" was a count. 'Sion' and 'Le Levite' were Merovingian towns in France. Scholars have even traced Merovingian 'Salic Law' back to Judaic law." [Bradley, p. 179]

"The Merovingian's. . .tradition of long hair and the name Samson among the Royal House would indicate the descent from Samson and thus the Tribe of Dan." [Bloomer]

"The Merovingian kings. . .were called the long-haired Monarchs because they placed great value on their long hair and believed that it gave them strength. One wonders whether Samson was a Merovingian ancestor!" [Van Buren, p. 30]

The Spartans
"Now, the question remains, how do we know the Spartans were the offspring of the tribe of Dan? . . . Aside from the fact that the Spartans wore long hair as a symbol of their power (like Samson) there is a legend written about the son of Belus, king of the Spartans -- in which is given the story of one named 'Danaus,' who arrived in Greece with his daughters by ship. According to the legend, his daughters called themselves Danades. They introduced the cult of the mother goddess, which became the established religion of the Arcadians and developed over the years into the worship of Diana. . .The Spartans so loved their king that they called themselves Danaans -- long before they adopted the name of Spartans.  Also in the legend is a record of the arrival of 'colonists from Palestine.' Please note, the man who headed the expedition was named Danaus. He may well have been of the tribe of Dan, and thus would have been the progenitor of the ancient Spartans." [Church, p. 120-21]

The Celts
"There are certain facts that suggest that the Celts may have derived from a Jewish tradition from the East. The Celtic body of ecclesiastical and civil knowledge was Druidism. Their system can be traced to about 1800 B.C. . .  It is recorded in 'Welsh Triads' that Hugh Gadarn synthesized the wisdom of the ancients for those whom he led west from. . .Sumer and Mesopotamia. . . In 'The Psalter of Cashel' it states that: 'The Tuatha de Danaan' ruled in Ireland for about two centuries, and were highly skilled in architecture and other arts from their long residence in Greece.' The Tuatha de Danaan were the descendants of Danaus, the son of Belus, who went with his fifty daughters to Argos. In Irish legends the Tuatha de Danaan, who were considered to be demi-gods, were said to have possessed a Grail-like vessel.  These teachers of wisdom were the founders of the Druidic priesthood." [Van Buren, p. 141-142]


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